Amount of aid
UNDP has gathered significant experience during the past decade in implementing the “Community-Based Approach to Local Development” Programme (CBA), partnering with the Ministry of Regional Development, Oblasts Administrations and Oblast Councils, Rayon Administrations and Rayon Councils, as well as city councils and village councils and their respective local government associations. Since 2015, the newly created Amalgamated Territorial Communities (Hromada’s) have joined these partnerships. The CBA program has been a long-term and comprehensive capacity building initiative to promote sustainable local development in Ukraine. While laying the foundations for the ‘community-based development’ methodology all over the country through partnerships with central and regional authorities as well as local governments, the project mobilized hundreds of communities all over the country.
The current project continues using the methodology of social mobilization, employing established standards and checklists for assessing community participation, decision-making and leadership. The two target regions, Chernivtsi and Odesa, are among the poorest in Ukraine, especially when considering their rural areas. Decentralization reforms since 2015 have resulted in the creation of ten Amalgamated Territorial Communities (Hromada’s), out of a total prospective 24 in the two oblasts. In areas not yet amalgamated, the old structures continue to function.
The project is expected to improve the wellbeing of the most disadvantaged population groups in two oblasts of Ukraine (Chernivtsi and Odesa), and to raise their living standards. It does so by promoting sustainable and inclusive socio-economic development at the local level, strengthening participatory local governance and encouraging community-based initiatives. The project applies the “Community-Based Approach to Local Development” UNDP methodology, which attributes a leading role to local representatives who bring together community members for joint planning and implementation of community-led initiatives.
Component 1. Promotion of a community-based and inclusive approach to local development
This component aims to strengthen the capacity of local communities, local authorities and universities to apply community-led development, participatory governance and service delivery.
Component 2. Promoting small farm and non-farm business development in rural and semi-urban areas
This component aims to support small economic initiatives. It focuses on activities to promote economic development in rural and urban areas and contribute to inclusive and sustainable growth. Two areas of activities are supported - farm and non-farm sectors. Activities include support to the development of cooperatives, capacity-building activities and small grants to communities willing to establish cooperatives within the farm sector (at least one cooperative in each oblast).
For non-farm activities, the priority areas of intervention are identified in each target community in the course of participatory planning events, with the involvement of a broad range of stakeholders (community representatives, local governments, private sector, academia, non-governmental organisations and business service organisations). The project promotes diversification of economic activities, to help communities be more resilient and generate additional income, which subsequently translates into stronger local budgets in the course of decentralization.
At local level: community organizations, NGOs (specifically women groups), village councils, city councils, and Business Support Organizations (BSOs);
At “Hromada” level (where applicable): with newly established Amalgamated Territorial Community Councils and their executive bodies;
At rayon level: rayon councils and rayon state administrations, NGOs (specifically women groups), BSOs;
At regional level: Oblast authorities (Oblast state administrations and Oblast councils), NGOs (specifically women groups), BSOs;
Other partners: Ukrainian Association of Local and Regional Authorities of Ukraine; Association of Cities of Ukraine; Association of Small Towns of Ukraine; Association of Village and Settlement Councils.
Target groups and beneficiaries
The direct target group consists of approximately 22,000 people residing in at least 18 local communities. These are partially included in newly established Amalgamated Territorial Community. They are reached through initiatives with 18 community organizations, 2 agricultural service cooperatives, and a number of larger initiatives targeting non-farm related business entities.
Indicatively, 50 percent of beneficiaries are women, 30 percent – elderly people, and 20 percent – children and youth. Indirect beneficiaries include 120,000 residents of selected villages, small towns and rayon’s in two Oblasts (Odesa and Chernivtsi). The project works to the extent possible with newly Amalgamated Territorial Communities and leverages new opportunities resulting from the decentralization reform. Non-amalgamated communities also remain part of the potential target group.